I bet you love Chameleons, don't you ?
I'm glad to hear that because, in this article, I will talk about the Chameleon facts.
Chameleons came from the Chamaeleonidae family and there are species with different contrast of bright colors.
Almost all of them changes their color especially when they feel stressed, threatened, or according to the temperature around them.
These lizards have a very long tongue exactly as you can often see in the cartoons and they are well known for unique appearances.
Their eyes can go round and round which makes them good to catch their prey from a distance. The chameleons love to stay in warm and humid places like forest or deserts. They originated and had a great population in Africa, Asia, and Europe and can make great pets because of their personality.
I'm sure you will enjoy them, especially because of their beautiful and bright colors.
How does the chameleon change its colors ?
The chameleons color has a variety of contrast from red, orange, yellow, green, blue, violet, turquoise, black and brown since they have layers of cells and pigments that change because of the wave of lights reflecting its guanine crystals.
Their color usually changes depending on their environment and the temperature. What is good about their colors is that when it changes you know how they feel. If it changes to a darker color that means they are scared, but when you see them with bright colors that means they might be threats that caused them to be aggressive.
In the morning it turns black because they absorb heat from the UV light or from the sun.
Chameleon can grow up to 27 inches and they can live up to 30 years.
How does a chameleon look like ?
The male chameleons have more ornaments in their body and a larger crest on their heads when compared to the female. They also have two layers of the crest in their brows and one on their snout. And unlike other lizards, their tail, don't regenerate back when drooped, so it is important to handle them with care and avoid an incident when touching the tail.
Their eyes are large, allow them to have a great vision and can move independently, which helps them see their prey even from a far distance.
They are definitely unique because of their long tongues which help them in catching their prey, their teeth are attached to their jaws.
The young chameleons are brown or gray and usually when they grow as an adult their colors slowly develop and becomes brighter.
How to feed your chameleon?
Chameleons are mostly omnivores and like to eat insects which can be easily captured by their long tongues.
Insects can be around 80% of a chameleon daily diet, you can also feed them with leafy greens, fruits, and vegetables.
Chameleon can grow big and that is why they can be fed with a big amount of food, depending on their needs and temperature.
If you are planning to have a chameleon as a pet it is also important that you dust or mix vitamin and minerals in their food. Which you can purchase at a pet store.
You can also put a bowl of water wherein they can drink from and make sure to clean and change the water daily to avoid bacteria build-up and contamination.
What chameleons usually love to eat?
- Butterflies and caterpillars
- Leafy greens
How does a chameleon behave ?
The chameleons communicate with their fellow chameleons using the camouflage. They are active and love climbing of trees and catch their prey using their tongues.
How do chameleons reproduce?
Chameleons can lay eggs within 6 weeks. The female anole usually digs a hole where she can bury the eggs. Usually, the female anole can produce up to 4 eggs but it also depends on the species of chameleons, some of them can lay more than that.
Their eggs can hatch up to 12 months. When the young ones are already hatched you can see that they are born with a sticky transparent membrane which is their yolk sac and then eventually the mother helps the young ones to burst it to go out.
Common health problems of chameleons
Whenever your chameleons are feeling stressed, with a lack of appetite and activities, they might be suffering health or underlying conditions, that is why it is important to consult a vet to prevent such problems and to treat them if necessary.
Chameleons are prone to parasitic infections and they can be a target of warms and threadworms. They can get parasites by biting and eating mosquitoes, ticks or contaminated food.
Mouth rot is also common among their species. This happens if they don't get a healthy and well-balanced diet. The symptoms of mouth rot or stomatitis is a red and puffy mouth, and you can see your chameleons drooling excessively.
Metabolic bone disease happens if the chameleons don’t get enough calcium and healthy food that they need to eat. This will cause them to be weak and their bones to become soft and spongy and it can really be critical if it is left untreated.
How to take care of chameleons
Prepare their tanks – in case you are planning to get a chameleon. Make sure to get a tank that is big enough and put some branches and trunks into them where the lizard can spend its day.
Chameleons like climbing and staying in branches in the tree. You can also start with a 3 by 4 cage or bigger depending on the foliage or how many chameleons you want to have as a pet make sure to securely put a screen to provide proper ventilation and avoid them from escaping
Substrate – their substrate should be natural. Make sure to not involve any chemicals since that might be toxic for your chameleons. You can use sand, moss, bark, or gravel to get the right humidity and comfort inside their tanks.
Avoid paper, towels, and tissues since they can cause them indigestion if they accidentally such things.
Water – you can have a water drop system or you can simply use a spray bottle and spray fresh cold water to their glass or leaves so they can easily drink the dripped water.
It is not recommended to use a water bowl since they usually don’t soak with water. Putting ice cubes on their drip system or spraying cold water helps achieve the humidity they need.
Lighting – the chameleons need to have their light for 12 hours in a day. They can also be exposed to natural sunlight so that they can get the vitamins that they need.
They need to have UV rays so that they can stay healthy and happy since chameleons should not be stress because it can cause them to die.
Things to know before buying a chameleon
The chameleons are not for beginners since they can easily stress out and they might not live that long when that happens.
They are not low maintenance pets since they need the right amount of lighting and temperature.
When buying chameleons it depends how the breeder, stores, or online sells them. Usually, the younger ones are cheaper.
Prices vary because of their species, age, and a lot more. But usually, you can buy a chameleon for around 50 to 100 dollars.
If you are planning to get a chameleon as a pet it is important not to get them directly from the wild since it might cause or bring diseases and can be harmful to you and your family.
Make sure to buy one that is not easily stressing you can observe it by their activities like being active and change colors easily.
That's all about the chameleon facts.
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